Skin Explained

Skin Explained

Understanding skin concerns

Achieve healthy skin, no matter your concern

With products that are specifically formulated to target signs of visible ageing, acne, skin discolourations and sensitive skin conditions, PCA SKIN® can help you get the skin you’ve always wanted.


Visible aging

Age is just a state of mind – it doesn’t have to be the state of your skin

Fine lines, wrinkles, sagging and dark spots are all signs of visible ageing. There are two types of skin ageing: intrinsic, which happens naturally over time, and extrinsic, which is a result of external factors like sun exposure, pollution, smoking, alcohol use and other lifestyle choices. Mild facial wrinkling, expression lines, and dry, sensitive skin are likely a result of intrinsic ageing. Extrinsic factors are thought to be responsible for 85% of visible ageing, with sun exposure being the leading cause. The suns damaging rays breakdown the skins support structure, leading to discolouration of the skin, wrinkles, sagging and, in some cases, even cancer. 

When treating visible facial ageing, you’ll want to use products that treat both existing conditions and also protect the skin from future damage. 

visible aging
    1. Collagen and elastin break down and their production decreases
    2. Fine lines and wrinkles appear due to a lack of collagen and elastin support
    3. Cell turnover rates and hydrating components decrease, leading to dry, flaky skin
    4. Sun-induced skin discolourations often occur


    Don’t fight skin discolouration, get even

    Discoloration is an area of abnormal darkening of the skin, either visible spots or dark patches. Discoloration happens when your skin produces excess pigment, usually triggered by sun exposure, hormone fluctuations or skin injuries like acne, cuts or burns.

    It is important to consult with a PCA SKIN® Certified Professional before using products to treat skin discolouration, as high percentages of certain ingredients can cause further irritation or darkening of the spots you’re intending to lighten.
      1. Inflammation (caused by sun exposure, acne, hormonal shifts, or a cut or burn)
      2. Excess pigment first develops deep within the skin
      3. The excess pigment spreads across skin cells, but is not yet visible
      4. The excess pigment sets a stain in the skin, which will continue to produce dark spots over time. Without treatment, discolouration becomes visible on the surface of your skin



      Break free from breakouts

      Acne is the most common skin concern, affecting nearly 45 million Americans each year. Acne occurs when there is a build up of oil in your skin, which clogs your pores creating whiteheads, blackheads and pimples on the surface of your skin. Typically, acne develops where there is an abundance of oil glands, like the face, scalp, chest, back and neck. 

      While acne is common, its severity varies. There’s not a one-size-fits-all remedy. Seeing a PCA SKIN® Certified Professional is the best way to ensure this condition is treated appropriately and specific to each person’s unique needs.
        1. Clogging of the pore
        2. Increased oil production
        3. Bacteria
        4. Inflammation



        Sensitive skin

        Your skin doesn’t have to be a sensitive subject

        Those with sensitive skin typically experience a combination of irritation, discomfort, bumps, redness and inflammation. Dermatitis — commonly referred to as eczema — rosacea and psoriasis are classified as sensitive skin conditions. While it is unclear what specific factors lead to sensitive skin, it is possible for skin to become sensitized from over-exposure to harsh topical ingredients or climate. Fragrances, lanolin, formaldehyde, latex and menthol are common irritants and the use of aggressive chemical and mechanical exfoliants can also increase skin irritation. 

        Always consult a PCA SKIN® Certified Professional for a treatment plan tailored to address the underlying causes and symptoms of your unique, sensitive skin. 

        sensitive skin
          1. An impaired barrier leads to constant moisture loss
          2. Dry, flaky skin is common
          3. Visible redness is a sign of underlying and superficial inflammation
          4. Blood vessels are larger and more visible

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